Kalpana Chawla. Start This Quiz. Although there have been other clones such as Dolly the Sheep, the clone of a woolly mammoth is especially spectacular because it is an extinct animal that no human has ever come in contact with before. In Canadian Chris Hadfield spent much of the 1980s as a fighter pilot for both Canada and America.

This does not mean that he was a ‘dumb jock’ though; he earned a mechanical engineering degree at university, before going to work for NPO Energia, the body responsible for manned space flights in Russia. Aldrin was awarded numerous medals and honors, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Prior to becoming a cosmonaut, Tereshkova worked in a factory and enjoyed recreational sky-diving. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

His wife of 53 years died just five weeks later.There are few people who do not know about the potentially catastrophic Apollo 13 mission, thanks in part to the 1995 movie based on Lovell and Jeffry Kluger’s book about the mission. They separated in 1966, and Tereshkova went on to become a member of the USSR’s national parliament and an advocate for women’s rights.In 1962, Neil Armstrong was selected to be a part of the NASA Astronaut Corps and became one of the “new nine.” His first space venture was aboard the Gemini VIII, which successfully docked with the unmanned Gemini Agena Target Vehicle.

Soon after that, Glenn left NASA and began a career in politics. It features a rocket with a dog standing atop it.The only woman on this list, Valentina Tereshkova is also the only civilian. The mission ended prematurely when a systems failure caused the capsules to begin to roll.At 9:32 AM on July 16, 1969, Apollo XI took off from the Kennedy Space Center. He is a public speaker and consultant to both Disney's Imagineering group and Applied Harrison Hagan "Jack" Schmitt (born July 3, 1935) is an American geologist, retired NASA astronaut, university professor, former U.S. senator from New Mexico, and, as a crew member of Judith Arlene Resnik (; April 5, 1949 – January 28, 1986) was an American electrical engineer, software engineer, biomedical engineer, pilot and NASA astronaut who died when the Space Shuttle Ronald Erwin McNair (October 21, 1950 – January 28, 1986) was an American NASA astronaut and physicist. She became the first black woman to travel in space when she served as a mission Franklin Story Musgrave, M.D.

Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history. At the age of 16, Gagarin was apprenticed at an iron foundry, simultaneously attending night school to achieve Grade 7. In November 1966, Lovell was the commander of Gemini XII alongside pilot Buzz Aldrin. In April 1961, Gagarin was launched into space, becoming the first human to travel into space and to orbit the earth.

Contrary to popular legend, he did not plan the words until the lander was safely on the surface of the moon – mainly because he was very aware that there was a fairly high probability that they would not survive the journey! He is also among the famous astronauts, was also a Project Gemini and an Apollo program astronaut. Delays saw it rescheduled to May 1961, by which time Yuri Gagarin had already gone into space and orbited the earth. Unlike the vast majority of those children, his dream did not leave him and he joined the Royal Canadian Air Cadets and earned a degree in engineering, followed by a Master’s degree in aviation systems; the latter while taking part in an exchange program with the USA. There were only four openings and a staggering 5,330 applicants! These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited.

We compiled a list of the most creative video games. In 1934, Yuri Gagarin was born in the Russian village of Klushino.

Lovell played a cameo role in the movie Apollo 13, playing the captain (the rank he retired with, at his own insistence: filmmakers wanted him to play an admiral) of the Iwo Jima, the vessel that recovers the astronauts after their successful splashdown.

Laika’s contribution to the space program was acknowledged in 2008, when a monument to Laika was unveiled near the military research facility in Moscow.

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